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What happens to the hydrogen generated by Windhunter? Who buys it and for what purposes?

Approximately fifty million tons of hydrogen is produced every year in the world and nine million tons in the USA. Some of the industrial applications for merchant hydrogen are gasoline, heating oil, metals processing, refining, wastewater treatment, chemical production, fats & oils production and electronics processing. The chemical industry uses hydrogen to produce hydrogen peroxide, methanol, ammonia, synthetic alcohols, metal ores, pharmaceuticals, glass and optical fibers. Hydrogen is starting to be used in internal combustion engines and can replace natural gas for heating and electricity production. Fuel cells will become increasingly common for vehicles and large scale electric production power plants. Fuel cells require clean hydrogen and currently electrolysis is the best production method.

Commercial and industrial hydrogen is sold in the form of compressed gas or cryogenic liquid in units of normal cubic meter (Nm3) or by hundred standard cubic foot (cscf) or thousand standard cubic feet (mscf) increments.

The steel, electronics and glass industries all use hydrogen in their manufacturing processes. Universities, public and private institues use hydrogen for their research. Liquid hydrogen is used for propulsion in the space programs as rocket fuel. The stored energy in hydrogen can be used to support the utility grid as the hydrogen infrastructure is developed. Hydrogen can be transported by pipeline as well as tube tank trailers and/or insulated tankers. The cost of 2645psig high pressure hydrogen in 2006 from one company was $192 per 1000 cubic ft. It was contained in a transportable hydrogen tube tank trailer. That hydrogen was produced from natural gas. The future price will increase as natural gas becomes more expensive because it is a non-renewable resource. Each pound of hydrogen from the steam reforming process that uses natural gas produces approximately five and one-half pounds of carbon dioxide that is usually vented to the atmosphere. CO2 is the major global warming gas. Hydrogen from electrolysis produces no carbon dioxide or other global warming gas.

Wind to Hydrogen Overview with Panel Discussion
Moderator: Mr. Frank J. Novachek - Director, Corporate Planning, Xcel Energy
pdf of presentation here

California Hydrogen Business Council

New Mexico Hydrogen Business Council

Interstate Renewable Energy Council - Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy

Hydrogen Energy Businesses

The Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Investor

Fuel Cell Markets

Hydrogen Fuel Cells Institute (financial/business coverage of industrial hydrogen market)

Driving the Transition to a Hydrogen Economy - pdf

The Hydrogen Economy (National Academies Report) - pdf

Hydrogen Market, Hydrogen R&D and Commercial Implication in The U.S. and E.U.

Florida's Hydrogen Program

Hydrogen Energy Research Center at Penn State

The Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Letter

The Scottish Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Association


The Hydrogen Energy Center

Hydrogen Now! (ERC, Colorado State University)

U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies Program

U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen Program

The President's Hydrogen Fuel Initiative

HyWeb – the Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Information System

American Hydrogen Association

International Association for Hydrogen Energy

The National Hydrogen Association

National Hydrogen Asociation of Australia

Hydrogen Pathways Research Program at The UC Davis Institute of Transportation Studies

Hydrogen Production Case Studies